India has different mammals rated eight highest in the world1, species of birds eighth in the worldand species of reptiles fifth in the world and 45, plant species, of which most are angiosperms, fifteenth in the world.
Later tectonic movements shifted India northward across the equator to join the Northern Eurasian continent.
There are 10 Biogeography zones and 26 Biogeography provinces, which are representatives of all the major ecosystems of the world. Four endemic species of conservation significance occur in the Western Ghats. In addition to the above India also possess 40 species of insectivorous plants, species of primitive plants, species of parasites and 70 species of saprophytes There are about species of angiosperm, 65 species of gymnosperms, species of pteridophytes, species of bryophytes, species of algae, species of lichens, species of fungi and more than species of virus and bacteria are found in India.
Its share of the global biodiversity is about 8. The annual rainfall varies from less than 37 cm in Rajasthan to m in Cherapunji. The CBD is an international legal instruments for promoting conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity taking into account the need to share cost and benefit between developed and developing countries and ways and means to support innovation by local people.
In addition, the fig tree is widely employed in Roman symbolic traditions, as the twin founders of Rome - Romulus and Remus - when they were infants, were transported by the River deity Tiberinus in a basket made from roots of the fig tree. The CBD is an international legal instrument for fostering conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from commercial and other utilization of genetic resources.
Indian flora comprises about 15, flowering plants and bulk of our rich flora is to be found in the Northeast, Western Ghats, the Northwest and Eastern Himalayas, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The greater the multidiversity of species, greater is the contribution to biodiversity. This assemblage of three distinct realms makes the country rich and unique in biological diversity.
India As a Mega Diversity Nation Saturday, 28 May india as a mega diversity nation Geological events in the landmass of India have provided conditions for high levels of biological diversity. It has great marine diversity due to its km long coastline. Only 44 species of Indian mammal have a range that is confined entirely to within Indian territorial limits.
The Relict Dragonfly, an endangered species found here. Agriculture India has been described as one of 12 mega-diversity countries possessing a rich means of all living organisms when biodiversity is viewed as a whole. Everest, the world highest peak.
The mighty mountains with their snow-pick and extremely rich forest exert a tremendous influence on the flora and fauna of the region.
In contrast, endemism in the Indian reptilian and amphibian fauna is high.
Some of the principal commercial species are highly valued and are becoming increasingly costly, e. It presents a breath taking spectacle of nature in her glory, beauty of gorges and galaxy of ethnics people make the area as one of the best in the world.
Later tectonic movements shifted India northward across the equator to join the Northern Eurasian continent. The chinkara, the hyena, and the rates represent the Ethiopian element; the lynx, wolf, hangul represent the Palaearctic; the Chinese by red panda and the musk-deer; the Indo-Malayan by the hoolock gibbon, the goat-antelope, and the mouse deer.
The Western Ghats in peninsular India, which extends in the southern states are treasures house of species diversity and has about species. We will write a custom essay sample on India-A mega diversity Nation or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not Waste HIRE WRITER As one of the oldest and largest agriculture societies, India has also a striking variety of at least species of crop plants and species of wild relatives of cultivated crops.
There are 25 clearly defined areas in the world called 'hot spots' which support about 50, endemic plant species, comprising 20 per cent of the world's total flora.
A split in the single giant continent around 70 million years ago, led to the formation of northern and southern continents, with India a part of Gondwanaland — the southern landmass, together with Africa, Australia and the Antarctic. The mountain range in Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram and the Darjling hills are symbol of celestial splendor where a good number of peaks rise well over m.
These include especially high species diversity of ferns species and orchids species. This richness is shown in absolute numbers of species and the proportion they represent of the world total. Areas rich in endemism are north-east India, the Western Ghats and the north-western and eastern Himalayas are hot spot.
We have a lot of endogenous species of flora and fauna in all ecosystems which are important for developing countries particularly India where economic depend heavily on these resources.
As per satellite imaging, about 19 percent of the land area of the country comprise of forests. India has 50, known species of insects, including 13, butterflies and moths. India has 50, known species of insects, including 13, butterflies and moths. Among the plant species the flowering plants have a much higher degree of endemism, a third of these are not found elsewhere in the world.
These vary from the humid tropical Western Ghats to the hot desert of Rajasthan, from cold desert of Ladakh and the icy mountain of Himalayas to the warm cost of peninsular India and these includes ecosystem diversity is highest in the world, which represents forest ecosystems, grassland ecosystems, wetland ecosystems, coastal and marine ecosystems and the desert ecosystems.
The greater the multi-diversity of species, greater is the contribution to the biodiversity. There is a vital, but often-neglected factor when we focus on biodiversity. Among the biologically rich nations, India stands among the top 10 or 15 countries for its great variety of plants and animals, many of which are not found elsewhere.
It is estimated that the number of unknown species could be several times higher. Roughly 33 cent of this forest cover represents primary forest.
It also has two global terrestrial biodiversity hot spots — the North-eastern States and the Western Ghats. Why India is a mega diversity nation?
India has many religious and ethnic minority groups. Although 80% of Indians are Hindu, there are also Muslims, Jains, Buddhists, Christians, Atheists, Jews. India has been described as one of 12 mega-diversity countries possessing a rich means of all living organisms when biodiversity is viewed as a whole.
The greater the multi-diversity of species, greater is the contribution to the biodiversity. India’s rich biological diversity – its immense range of ecosystems, species and genetic forms is by virtue [ ]. Sep 25, · Download our Android app at olivierlile.com For Unedited raw footage ask in comment box.
Cepek media private Limited. Essay on India as a Mega Bio-Diversity Nation! Geological events in the landmass of India have provided conditions for high levels of biological diversity. Essay on India as a Mega Bio-Diversity Nation! Geological events in the landmass of India have provided conditions for high levels of biological diversity.
India has been described as one of 12 mega-diversity countries possessing a rich means of all living organisms when biodiversity is viewed as a whole The greater the multi-diversity of species, greater is the contribution to the biodiversity.India a mega diversity nation